Server-origin is India’s ‘superpower’ in PC race against US and China, experts say 18

With the Development of Advanced Computing Center (C-DAC) agreeing to manufacture 7000 Rudra I, the first domestic server, for various institutions of higher education and leading research institutions funded by the Government of India, News18 talks to an industry expert about the Rudra I’s potential and capabilities.

Rajiv Chandrasekhar, Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology, launched Rudra I last December. Created by C-DAC as part of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

It was stated that the server design could be used to build stand-alone commercial servers as well as the building blocks for large supercomputer systems with tens of petaflops of computing performance.

Read also | Exclusive | “Rudra I” is set to power supercomputers: the center to bring its server technology to the industry, the world

According to a recent report by News18, the government intends to license Rudra I Server technology to companies that can assemble, manufacture and sell it in the market, including the global market, at competitive prices.

An official statement also noted that Rudra is poised to demonstrate India’s ability to design, develop, build and deliver the country’s multidisciplinary computing needs, as well as being of critical strategic and national importance.

Market potential

Rushikesh Jadhav, chief technology officer, ESDS Software Solutions Ltd, a Nasik-based company, which has expanded to 19 countries across Asia Pacific, Europe, the Middle East, the Americas and Africa, told News18 that the market for x86-based servers (Intel or AMD) is huge.

The x86 family of instruction set architectures was first created by Intel.

According to Jadhaf, nearly all industries run on the x86 platform, which includes banking, ERP, hospitals, start-ups, defense, and citizen-centric government workloads.

He said server-side software, which enables the Internet such as the web, applications and databases, runs on similar x86 platforms and “these are all compatible with Rudra I server”.

According to the expert, with a primitive design and development, the Rudra I’s safety level will be quite reliable.

He added, “ESDS itself can take advantage of these native servers by introducing thousands of them into their cloud landscape, and in fact, our community clouds such as banks, government and organizations can run on these Rudra I servers.”

The CTO told ESDS, which is a catalyst for digital transformation in the modern results-based economy by enabling enterprises to adopt advanced technologies, the government has been pushing companies towards full digitization, leading to demand for data centers and hyperper. – Infrastructure level to grow evenly.

He believes that while the technology market in general is growing, these servers will add more to that growth, making its potential very promising.

Jadhav also said, “I believe the launch of Rudra I is a vital first step towards a long journey into the world of x86 computing.”

This initiative, he said, should be commended and promoted for the benefit of Indian cloud service providers. In addition, it was suggested that the government and companies submit additional marks to cloud service providers using Rudra I for their bidding workloads.

He said, “The Rudra I server is a two-socket server. Once the industry adopts Rudra I, we will be excited to wait for the four-socket servers and later the eight-socket in the Rudra series.”

The cloud requires workload-intensive processing capabilities and these improvisations will benefit the industry. The Rudra I server paired with Trinetra connectivity constitutes a reliable combination for HPC.”


Supercomputers, also known as the world’s fastest computers, have historically been used for scientific and engineering applications that required massive database management, extensive computation, or both. Now, technology – supercomputing – is often used to power AI programs.

Multiple central processing units (CPUs) comprise supercomputer architectures. These CPUs are organized into groups of computing and memory nodes. Supercomputers can contain thousands of nodes that communicate with each other to solve problems using parallel processing.

Available data showed that, as of this year, China has 173 of the world’s 500 most powerful supercomputers, while the United States has 128. Although these two countries account for nearly 60% of the world’s most powerful supercomputers, the list of Other major countries that have a maximum number of supercomputers also include Japan, France, Germany and Canada.

However, regarding supercomputers, Jadav, head of technology at ESDS, told News18 that with the advent of shared digital knowledge, it became possible to design, develop and manufacture equivalent systems in India.

The Ministry of Science and Technology announced in February of this year that new supercomputers will be commissioned and installed next year at institutes such as IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Patna, IIT Delhi, Inter-University Accelerator Center, SN Bose National Center for Basic Sciences and National Center for Physics Radio Astronomy and National Informatics Center.

As of now, organizations such as C-DACs and various IITs, as well as the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), have already installed the supercomputing infrastructure under the national supercomputing mission.

India has three supercomputers capable of ranking among the top 500 which include Atos-built PARAM Siddhi-AI in C-DAC Pune, and HPE-built Pratyush and Mihir systems.

As the ministry stated earlier this year, original server nodes, interconnection switches, storage technologies and software stacks for High Performance Computing, or HPC, are currently being designed and developed, with 85% of local manufacturing, which means these technologies will be so. Used in supercomputers of the future.

According to Jadhav, supercomputers are complex systems, however, their effectiveness depends on the quality of the hardware as well as the software.

“With the Trinetra HPC interconnection, it is possible to create the Torus network architecture in a switchless manner that avoids performance bottlenecks and enables systems to communicate over a short distance,” said the expert.

He also believes that such innovations in the aspect of network and computing will enable India to compete in the supercomputer race against the United States, China and other countries.

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