The keto diet may be more than just a modern health fad.
A study shows that a low-carb diet can significantly lower blood sugar levels in people with pre-diabetes.
The ketogenic diet involves drastically reducing your carbohydrate intake and replacing it with foods rich in fat and protein.
Advocates claim that it can cause a myriad of health benefits, from preserving the mind to improving heart health.
While many of the claims have been proven false or unprovable, the latest study suggests that the diet can prevent type 2 diabetes for those most at risk.
The researchers studied 150 people between the ages of 40 and 70 whose blood sugar ranged between pre-diabetes and diabetic levels who were not taking medications for the condition.
One group ate their normal diet and were monitored for six months. The rest only ate the equivalent of 16 grams of carbs per month, just like one slice of bread.
People with diabetes or prediabetes who consumed no more than 60 mg of carbohydrates per day over the course of six months experienced lower levels of hemoglobin A1c than people who stuck to their normal diets.
By the end of the study, those in the low-carb group saw a drop of between 0.19% and 0.33% in hemoglobin A1c, or the amount of glucose (sugar) in their blood.
Switching to a low-carb diet may be enough to help people with diabetes avoid a decline in A1c levels, which could avoid a diabetes diagnosis.
What is the keto diet and is it safe?
- according to HealthlineThe keto diet is a “low-carb, high-fat diet” that “involves significantly reducing carbohydrate intake and replacing it with fat.”
- Low carbs put your body into a metabolic state called ketosis. When this happens, your body becomes “incredibly efficient at burning fat for energy.”
- Medicine She mentioned that the keto diet can cause low blood pressure, kidney stones, constipation, nutrient deficiencies, and an increased risk of heart disease
- Mayo Clinic He also claimed, “There is very little evidence that this form of eating is effective – or safe – in the long term for anything other than epilepsy. In addition, low-carb diets tend to have higher rates of side effects, including Constipation, headache, bad breath, and more.Also, meeting dietary requirements means cutting out many healthy foods, making it difficult to meet your micronutrient needs.
The group that maintained their normal diet saw their A1c levels drop by only 0.02 to 0.10 percent.
People in the low-carb group saw their A1c levels drop 0.23 percent more than people in the group who maintained their regular diets.
Kirsten Doran, lead author and associate professor of epidemiology in the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. Call These results are modest but clinically relevant.
“The main message is that a low-carb diet, if maintained, may be a useful approach to preventing and treating type 2 diabetes, although more research is needed.”
The results were published In JAMA Network Open magazine.
Nearly 37 million Americans have diabetes, and type 2 diabetes makes up 90 percent of those cases.
Meanwhile, an estimated 96 million adults in the United States have prediabetes.
Risk factors for developing diabetes include being overweight, a family history of diabetes, not maintaining an active lifestyle, and consuming a lot of alcohol and fats.
People over the age of 35 who are African American, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, or Pacific Islander have a predisposition to developing type 2 diabetes.
People with diabetes are encourage by healthcare professionals to maintain a low-carb diet, which can help people with diabetes better control their blood sugar, reduce medication needs, and lower the risk of diabetes complications such as heart disease, chronic kidney disease, and nerve damage.
The American Diabetes Association officially recommends that people with diabetes and prediabetes stick to low-carb, low-glycemic index, high-protein diets to help manage blood sugar.
The study doesn’t say diet alone can manage a person’s blood sugar levels, but Dr. Doran said it opens the door for further investigation.
“We already know that a low-carb diet is one dietary approach used among people with type 2 diabetes, but there is not much evidence for the effects of this diet on blood sugar in people with prediabetes,” said Dr. Doran.
“Future work could be done to see if this dietary approach may be an alternative approach to preventing type 2 diabetes,” she added.