Extremely hot weather could make parts of Africa and Asia uninhabitable

By 2100, extreme heat events will make parts of Asia and Africa uninhabitable for up to 600 million people, the United Nations and the Red Cross announced on Monday.

Expected death rates from heat waves are ‘astonishingly high’, compared to All crabs or all infectious diseases, according to a Report Issued before the United Nations Climate Change Conference next month in Egypt by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

The report adds to the growing number of studies showing Climate change is getting worse volume and frequency extreme weather events. Heat waves in the western United States this year smash Hundreds of records after days of triple-digit temperatures and weeks of dry weather.

The authors wrote that the report’s findings were “stunning and alarming.” Heat waves will become more deadly with every further increase in climate change. We hope this report will not only serve as a wake-up call, but also as a roadmap.”

In a stark scenario, which would result in the case of “little being done to reduce carbon emissions,” densely populated urban centers in South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa would suffer from “recurring life-threatening” thermal events that cause temperatures to exceed humans. survival threshold.

It will affect 600 million people in countries such as India, Indonesia, Sudan and Kuwait, according to the report. Many of these regions are already experiencing increasingly hot and frequent thermal events.

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This year, India and Pakistan suffered a heat wave that began in March. The school calendar has been shortened and crop yields have been reduced with the arrival of mercury 117 degrees Fahrenheit. Last year, parts of the Middle East Topped 125 degrees during a heat wave. Five years ago, a Kuwaiti town Recording 129 degrees.

By the end of this century, a third of the world’s population could live in areas with average temperatures greater than 84 degrees, which has so far been limited to 0.8 percent of the world’s land area, mostly in the African Sahara region, according to the report, which cited a Study 2019.

Extreme heat waves will make parts of the United States, including Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and California, less suitable for human habitation by 2070, if global temperatures rise between 2 and 2.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, the report said.

According to the report, more frequent and intense thermal events will kill more animals and destroy environments, exacerbating the repercussions of such weather. Food supplies will be disrupted, as extreme heat events are likely to contribute to price volatility for staple crops such as wheat.

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The repercussions will be disproportionate. According to the report, the most vulnerable and marginalized people, such as agricultural workers, migrants, the elderly, children, and pregnant and breastfeeding women, are at greater health risk from heat events.

The study authors said countries that are less responsible for climate change will also bear a greater burden than richer countries that emit more greenhouse gases. Pakistan that contributed less than 1 percent of global emissions for decades catastrophic floods This year, weather experts blamed climate change.

Let’s be clear: this is not a problem that humanitarian organizations can solve on their own. The report said the immediate priority must be large and sustainable investments that mitigate climate change and support the long-term adaptation of the most vulnerable. “Without these investments, we are headed into a future of even larger and more deadly thermal catastrophes.”

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