Data reveal huge amounts of carbon emission in the “brutal” East African oil project | oil

A new analysis shows that an oil pipeline under construction in East Africa will produce massive amounts of carbon dioxide. The project will generate 379 million tons of climate-warming pollution, according to an expert assessment, more than 25 times the combined annual emissions of Uganda and Tanzaniahost countries.

The East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) It will transport oil drilled in a biodiverse national park in Uganda more than 870 miles away to a port in Tanzania for export. The main backers of this multi-billion dollar project are French oil company TotalEnergies and China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC).

Environmental assessments by EACOP were approved by host governments, but only construction and operation of the pipeline was considered.

The new analysis by Climate Accountability Institute (CAI), found that construction and operation contribute only 1.8% of the project’s full emissions taking into account offshore transportation, refining and the burning of 848 million barrels of oil by end users. The 25-year-old was considered for enterprise and refining in Europe and China. In peak oil flow years, associated emissions will be more than double those of Uganda and Tanzania in 2020.

“It is time for TotalEnergies to abandon the brutal EACOP program that promises to exacerbate the climate crisis, wasting billions of dollars that could be used forever, and wreak havoc on human settlements and wildlife along the pipeline’s path,” said Richard Hyde, CAI.

An activist in Paris prepares to protest next to an artwork protesting a crude oil pipeline in East Africa in September.
An activist in Paris prepares to protest next to an artwork protesting a crude oil pipeline in East Africa in September. Photo: Mohamed Badra / Environmental Protection Agency

Headey described EACOP as a “medium-sized carbon bomb.” In May, the Guardian revealed that the world’s largest fossil fuel companies were quietly planning Dozens of oil and gas projects carbon bomb That would push the climate beyond internationally agreed temperature limits, with catastrophic global impacts.

Omar Al-Mawy, Stop EACOP campaign coordinator, said: “EACOP and its associated oil fields in Uganda It is a climate bomb camouflaged as an economic enabler for Uganda and Tanzania. Stopping this project is in the interest of people, nature and the climate.”

As a pipeline project, TotalEnergies said, “EACOP is neither the legal owner of the oil nor the end user.” It said the environmental assessments followed national regulations and that an updated analysis, including oil use, had been carried out, but did not provide details.

CNOOC did not respond to a request for comment.

A number of financial institutions, including former TotalEnergies backers, have said they will not fund EACOP. These include 24 banks And the 18 insurance companies.

Some African countries argue that they have the right to use fossil fuels to grow their economies, as the wealthy Western nations have done. In September, EU lawmakers called for the EACOP to be stopped, prompting Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni to respond: “They are unbearable, too shallow, too selfish, too wrong.”

fossil fuels in Africa, and The question of whether and how countries can exploit itis likely to be A bright spot at the UN COP27 Climate Summit in November.

The International Energy Agency said in 2021 that It is not possible to build new oil and gas fields If the world were to stay within the safe limits of global heating. A report published this week found “high consensus” across all published studies that development of new oil and gas fields is “incompatible” with the 1.5°C climate target.

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