Rivers have long played a vital role in the survival of human, animal and plant life. World Rivers Day To draw attention to this importance and the threats they currently face. It falls on the fourth Sunday of September, which makes his last note yesterday.
Could it be Marc Angelo, Canadian River Conservation writer and activist Favor To establish World Rivers Day. He proposed the concept to the United Nations after the success of the British Columbia Rivers Day he organized. Being in keeping with the UN theme at the time of “Water for Life”, it was received favorably and the first World Rivers Day was held in 2005.
The “Celebrating the world’s waterways” Currently observed in 100 Countries Around the world, her intentions Promote awareness of the value of rivers, the threats they are exposed to, and how to protect them.
As we celebrate World River Day today, think about how we can protect our rivers, and here the Ancobra River shows its beauty and ugliness. pic.twitter.com/zXr7fp02Gy
– Edem Sarim (@Afrikanticha3) 25 September 2022
The historical link between rivers and human society can be seen in the oldest settled civilizations that existed around 5,000 years agoAnd the the most It was located along the banks of large rivers. For example:
- Egyptian civilization was located along the Nile.
- The Sumerians were located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in today’s Iraq.
- The Indus Valley Civilization flourished along the alluvial plain of the Indus River.
- Ancient Chinese civilizations formed around the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers.
The importance of rivers to these civilizations related to them The constant supply of drinking water, the transport links they set up, the ability to fish within, and the crops provided by the fertile soil on their banks.
Despite the thousands of years that have passed since these civilizations, rivers are still valuable.
Today, the livelihoods of 60 million people depend directly on the health of rivers and Almost drinking water two billion people – including around thirds From the United States – it is obtained from rivers and streams.
Today is World Rivers Day. Our rivers are critical to human and environmental survival. One way to conserve rivers is to plant the right kind of trees along the river banks. Tree root systems help stabilize soils from erosion, create stability, and prevent flooding. pic.twitter.com/Qs1WlPvtm3
– Free Tree Society KL (freetreesociety) 25 September 2022
In addition to the obvious value that rivers hold to humanity, they are also A little bit of the The most biologically diverse regions in the worldAs the theme for this year’s World Rivers Day highlights – “The Importance of Rivers for Biodiversity.”
Fish, amphibians, birds, insects, reptiles, and invertebrates are all examples of animals that depend on rivers Either their home or their food source.
The The natural irregular shape of river basins and banks is extremely important This aquatic biodiversity because it allows fish, amphibians and insects to hide from predators. Natural water flows also enable biological purification processes that help keep the water clean.
Thus, man-made bodies of water will never be able to serve as a suitable alternative.
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Despite this great diversity of reasons why our rivers are so important and worth protecting, They have been left to suffer from climate change and dam building.
Climate change, first, reduces aquatic biodiversity by warming rivers and Increased frequency of droughts and floods. Changing precipitation levels Less water is also left to dilute pollutants such as sewage and agricultural runoff.
Perhaps the least known evil facing rivers is the construction of dams.
big dams Cutting off migration routes, isolating species, stopping the flow of nutrients to downstream habitats. It also changes the nature of the estuary, where many fish spawn, and makes the entire ecosystem more vulnerable to other threats such as climate change.
Three Gorges Dam in China The largest hydroelectric facility in the world – These consequences are proven.
While it promised to play a beneficial role in flood control and energy supply, it actually resulted in landslidesAnd the low water qualityAnd the environmental damage As a result of the drop in the water level downstream and the decline in plankton numbers. that it mentioned One example of the latter finding is the extinction of the Baiji dolphin that once thrived in the Yangtze River.
The deterioration of our rivers is remarkable. In England, for example, Only about 14% of the rivers meet good environmental standards.
However, we are certainly not past the point of no return, there are several steps that can be taken to help protect and restore these vital natural gifts:
With regard to dams, it is important to improve planning processes and standards, and to turn off the most harmful dams.
Actions you can take at home include reducing the use of pesticides and non-biodegradable cleaning products, volunteering at a local river clean-up event, and taking small steps to Reduce the amount of water your family consumes.
As Mark Angelou, founder of World River Day said, ConfirmsRivers are the arteries of our planet; they are the arteries of life in the truest sense of the word. Although they deserve protection every day of the year, World Rivers Day is a welcome reminder of how much our health depends on theirs.
Editor’s note: The opinions expressed here by Impakter.com columnists are their own, not those of Impakter.com. – In the featured image: Prairie Mountain and Souk River. Image credits: Wikimedia Commons.